A Systematic Review of Banking Business Models with an Approach to Sustainable Development

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Department of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Islamic Studies and Management, Imam Sadegh University, Tehran, Iran


Modern banks have shifted their function as purely administrative, economic and industrial entities into socio-political institutions that must be sensitive to the surrounding environment. This function has always been neglected. This study was conducted based on primary, secondary, and tertiary data and reviews the full text of 75 studies selected from more than 245 studies. The selected elected papers and studies addressed the following issues: (1) business models, (2) banking business models, (3) sustainability and sustainable development, and (4) business models adopting a sustainable development approach. Investigations on banking business models show that most studies have focused on the categorization of banking activities at the multi-bank level, and finally, using clustering techniques, have provided some general categorization for business models.


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