Modeling the Effect of Packaging on Canned Goods Purchasing Decisions among Job Subcultures

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Department of Business Management, Marketing Management, Qeshm Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qeshm, Iran

2 Department of Science and Research, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Management, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


Market saturation, increased competition, change in tastes and needs of customers have made Iranian companies, especially canned industries, face various challenges in relation to consumers. Under such conditions, cannery companies with the ability for proper use of available facilities and equipment such as design and development of new products, supplying high-quality and economic products and appropriate packaging can overcome these challenges and guarantee their survival. Now, it’s time for experts and marketers to pay special attention to importance of packaging and its effect of purchasing decision of consumers and as a result, increased profitability of companies and re-evaluation of their attitude. Although companies have found that they should pay attention to physical aspect and attractiveness of packaging of products for this purpose, it could be observed that majority of them have not used scientific methods in this way. Applied method in this study is applied-developmental method in terms of purpose and the study is a mixed exploratory research in terms of nature. The results obtained from the study show that two identified indices including functional (informational) and visual (aesthetics) features could be effective factors on purchasing decision of consumers. Finally, the study has suggested considering the two indices to improve effectiveness in decision making among job subcultures.