Investigating the Effect of Commercial and Operational Factors on Competitiveness Improvement of Shahid Beheshti Port in Chabahar in Attracting Shipping Lines

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

Department of Business Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad university, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The present study was performed to investigate the effect of commercial and operational factors on competitiveness improvement of Shahid Beheshti Port (SBP) in Chabahar in attracting shipping lines. The research method is applied in terms of purpose. Initially, the researcher conducted the qualitative phase to identify important variables, create a typology, or make new theories. To reach the saturation stage, 15 people were interviewed. Then, after identifying emerging classifications using qualitative data, a questionnaire was developed through the Delphi technique, and thus, the quantitative phase began. To test its items, patterning of the structural equation model was used via Lisrel software. Findings showed that commercial factors affecting SBP competitiveness improvement included financial capital and customer capital, port costs and tax burden, market efficiency and market performance. In addition, technical-developmental infrastructures, technological infrastructures, warehousing activities, loading and unloading operations, customs activities and services, communication and distribution networks, trust and safety in port activities, and port logistics features were the operational factors affecting this competitiveness. It was discovered that existence of abundant capacities and potentials in various transportation departments of SBP, quantitative and qualitative increase of equipment, as well as the development of new capacities in infrastructure and fleet of railways, roads, offshore and port loading/unloading equipment have relatively improved levels of loading/unloading in SBP, which can be attributed to successful execution of measures taken to develop competitiveness in SBP.

Keywords


Bardi, Mohsen., Hamidi, Yasser., Bordbar, Hamed., 2011. Reviewing the role of the port in the development of Bandar-e-Anzali city; the first national conference of the Iranian Utopia, Noor, Iran.

Basti, Heshmatollah., 2014. Considering Internal Investment Obstacles by Emphasizing on Marine Transportation Development in Khorramshahr Port; Master's thesis, Khorramshahr Marine Science and Technology University, Khorramshahr.

Divandari, Ali., 2011. Investigating and Recognizing the Status of Privatization in Shahid Rajaee Port, Research Project, Research Training Center of Tehran University.

Gambardella, L. M., Mastrolilli, M., Rizzoli, A. E., & Zaffalon, M., 2001. An optimization methodology for intermodal terminal management. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing,  12(5-6), pp.521-534.

Heydari, Ali., Safari, Hossein., and Narimani, Fatemeh., 2014. Identification and prioritization factors affecting site selection of dry ports to enhancing the competitive performance of seaport services Using DEMATEL and ANP, Journal of Industrial Management, 6(1), pp. 35-54.

Jalilian, Mohammad., 2013. Assessing and ranking the quality of maritime and port services in commercial ports to attract customers (Khorramshahr Port), Master’s thesis, Chabahar Maritime and Marine University, Chabahar.

Kim, K. H., Park, Y.M., & Jin, M.J., 2008. An optimal layout of container yards. OR Spectrum,  30(4), pp.675-695.

Kim, K. Y., & Kim, K.H., 2003. Heuristic algorithms for routing yard-side equipment for minimizing loading times in container terminals. Naval Research Logistics (NRL),  50(5), pp. 498-514.

Mokhtari, Ramezan., 2013. Assessing the factors affecting the absorption of ocean liners to the Chabahar port compared to Shahid Rajaee port (Hormozgan); Master's thesis, Chabahar Maritime and Marine University, Chabahar.

Murty, K. G., Liu, J., Wan, Y. W., & Linn, R., 2005. A decision support system for operations in a container terminal. Decision Support Systems,  39(3), pp.309-332.

 Naeimi, Mohammad., 2011. The role of the protected area of ​​Bandar-e-Anzali in regional commercial development, research project, Ports & Maritime Organization of Iran

Nishimura, E., Imai, A., Janssens, G. K., & Papadimitriou, S., 2009. Container storage and transshipment marine terminals. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review,  45(5), pp. 771-786.

Shahriari, Mohammad., Ardast, Sedigheh., 2011. Evaluating and analysis of the implementation of the radio waves identification process in the container transport chain of Iran's commercial ports (Case study: Bushehr port), Industrial Management Studies, 8(21), pp.1-19.

Sheikholeslami, Abdul Reza., 2012. Allocation of the berth in container terminal with the aim of reducing the time of the presence of ships in port with the bar search algorithm (Case Study: Shahid Rajaee Port), 12th Iranian Conference on Transport and Traffic Engineering, Tehran, Transportation and Traffic Organization of Tehran, Transportation and Traffic Department of Tehran.

ZENG, Q., and YANG, Z., 2010. An Approach Integrating Simulation and Q-learning Algorithm for Operation Scheduling in Container Terminals, Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 8,  pp. 2225-2239.