Empowering Leadership, Uncertainty Avoidance, Trust, and Employee Creativity

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Management, Farabi Campus, Qom, Iran

2 Department of Education & Psychology, University of Tehran Tehran, Iran

Abstract

This study was conducted in 2016 aimed to investigate the relationship between empowering leadership, uncertainty avoidance, trust, and employee creativity with regard to interaction effects and mediating mechanism. The population consists of 205 employees from the Nomadic affairs of Fars Province. In accordance with the Cochran formula, the sample size of 134 was calculated that were participated in the simple random sampling method. The questionnaires of uncertainty avoidance (Dorfman & Howell, 1988), empowering leadership (Arnold and colleagues, 2000), trust (McAllister 1995), creativity (Zhou & George, 2001) and creative self-efficacy (Tierney & Farmer, 2002) were used in order to measure the variables. The reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha and its validity was confirmed by content validity ratio (CVR) and structural and convergent validity methods. The research hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling technique. The findings showed empowering leadership has a significant effect on creative self-efficacy. There was significant effect of creative self-efficacy on creativity. The mediating mechanism of creative self-efficacy was significant in relationship between empowering leadership and creativity. Also, the role of the moderator of confidence and uncertainty avoidance was significant between empowering leadership and creative self-efficiency.
This study was conducted in 2016 aimed to investigate the relationship between empowering leadership, uncertainty avoidance, trust, and employee creativity with regard to interaction effects and mediating mechanism. The population consists of 205 employees from the Nomadic affairs of Fars Province. In accordance with the Cochran formula, the sample size of 134 was calculated that were participated in the simple random sampling method. The questionnaires of uncertainty avoidance (Dorfman & Howell, 1988), empowering leadership (Arnold and colleagues, 2000), trust (McAllister 1995), creativity (Zhou & George, 2001) and creative self-efficacy (Tierney & Farmer, 2002) were used in order to measure the variables. The reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha and its validity was confirmed by content validity ratio (CVR) and structural and convergent validity methods. The research hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling technique. The findings showed empowering leadership has a significant effect on creative self-efficacy. There was significant effect of creative self-efficacy on creativity. The mediating mechanism of creative self-efficacy was significant in relationship between empowering leadership and creativity. Also, the role of the moderator of confidence and uncertainty avoidance was significant between empowering leadership and creative self-efficiency.

Keywords